Saturday, May 2, 2015

Abstract and Works Cited

Abstract: In this paper I aim to investigate the political-economic origins of the privatization of higher education in the US. The definition of privatization is a transferring of ownership from the public to the private sector. A public institution that has been privatized transforms its purpose from whatever public service it was intended to serve to being an instrument of profit for private entities. Although the purpose of institutions of higher education –put simply, education - has been reoriented by privatization, it has not been completely destroyed; however, it has been greatly undermined. Manystudents and faculty across the US, aware of the rise of tuition, the decrease of tenure-track positions, the growth of the of administrators, and rise of the college sports ‘circus,’ and aware, of course, of their own subjective experiences, have deduced the decline in the quality of education, and thus the undermining of the stated purpose of the colleges they inhabit. What policies facilitated these changes in higher education? What were the goals of the policy makers who carried out the policies? These are the ‘origins’ I wish to investigate, naturally, through an examination of recent history. I shall find help in this investigation from scholars like Henry Giroux, Noam Chomsky, and Christopher Newfield, who have preceded me in investigating questions similar to those with which I am concerned. 



Endnotes
[1] Henry Giroux, Neoliberalism’s War on Higher Education, Chicago: Haymarket Books 2014. Print, pp. 1
[2] David Harvey A Brief History of Neoliberalism, Oxford: Oxford UP, 2005. Print,  pp. 1
[3] Devin Fergus, "My students pay too much for college. Blame Reagan," New York Times (2014) http://www.washingtonpost.com/posteverything/wp/2014/09/02
[4] Christopher Newfield Unmaking the Public University, Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 2008, Print, pp. 5
[5] Christopher Newfield Unmaking the Public University, Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 2008, Print, pp. 51
[6] Dan Barrett, "The Day the Purpose of College Changed," The Chronicle of Higher Education (2015),  http://chronicle.com/article/The-Day-the-Purpose-of-College/151359
[7]  Christopher Newfield Unmaking the Public University, Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 2008, Print, pp. 53
[8] The Powell Memorandum, 1971  http://reclaimdemocracy.org/powell_memo_lewis/
[9] Ibid
[10] Christopher Newfield Unmaking the Public University, Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 2008, Print, pp. 55
[12] Paying for the Party, Elizabeth Armstrong and Laura Hamilton pp. 19
[13] Paul F. Campos  “The Real Reason College Tuition Costs so much,” New York Times (2015)  http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/05/opinion/sunday/the-real-reason
[14] Matt Reed, Letter to the Editor, New York Times (2015) https://www.insidehighered.com/blogs/confessions-community-college-dean/dear-new-york-times
[15] Noam Chomsky, “How America’s Great University System is Being Destroyed,” Alternet (2014) http://www.alternet.org/corporate-accountability
[16] Benjamin Ginsberg, “Administrators Ate my tuition,” Washington Monthly (2011) http://www.washingtonmonthly.com/administratorsatemytuition
[17] See endnote 8
[18] Shawmaf Khubba,  “Rutgers Plan Unconcerned with Student Needs,” the Daily Targum, (2014) http://www.dailytargum.com/article/2014/03/rutgers-plan-unconcerned


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